Woodworking is a very rewarding hobby for those who do it. There are many different projects that can be made from wood, from small projects like ornaments to large ones such as chairs. Various basic skills and tools are required for performing this hobby.
1. Knowing how to read measurements is crucial to making a woodworking project. Whether you are measuring in inches or centimeters, make sure you know how to correctly read the ruler or other measuring device.
2. Along with measuring the various pieces for a project, you need to understand how to check if the project is square once assembled. This is measuring from opposite corners. For example, measure from the top right corner to the bottom left corner and then repeat with the other corners. The two measurements should match.
3. Now, hammering and other tasks take good eye-hand coordination. This is especially true with the hammering of a nail manually without power tools. After all, if you can hit the nail dead on, you will only bend the nail instead of driving it into the wood.
4. The skill sanding correctly is important for woodworking. You need to always sand with the grain of the wood, not against it. This gives you the smooth finish that is desired for applying stain, wax or paint.
5. You will most likely want to apply paint, wax or stain to your completed project to protect it. There are specific ways to apply each one of these things. Learn how to correctly do whichever one you choose.
6. You must be able to read woodworking plans. These tell you all the pertinent facts dealing with the project. If you cannot read them correctly, you will not successfully build the project.
There are many tools that a woodworker can purchase to use. You can go as cheap or expensive as you want. Below are some basic tools for going the cheap route.
1. Saws come in different styles for the various types of cuts you might have to make. There are rip, crosscut, coping, fret, dovetail saws, and more. Each one has a specific use it is devised for, and you need to learn which saw is ideal for the cut you will be making.
2. Hammers are needed for driving nails into the wood for the purpose of joining or attaching the pieces. There is more than one size of hammer. You can find lightweight or heavyweight ones depending on your strength and size of nail being driven.
3. Mallets are great for tapping pegs into wood for joining or decorative purposes. The mallets will not dent the wood like hammers would in this task.
4. Nails of various sizes will be used for most projects. Some are long and thick, while others are short and thin. All sorts of sizes come in between. The nails need to be long enough to connect each piece of wood securely without splitting it.
5. Nail set tools come in different sizes and are used to countersink a nail to just below the surface of the wood. Using these will keep the wood from being dented.
6. Sand paper comes in grades from fine to coarse. You usually start sanding with the coarse and work down to the fine.
7. Sanding blocks are just an ideal way of holding on to sand paper, while working with it on the wood.
8. Brushes are needed for applying stain or paint. Get the right one for each. Also, wax comes in different forms, so it depends on the form as to what you need to apply it.
9. Wood glue is for gluing pieces of wood together.
9. Clamps hold wood together while it the glue is drying.
11. Vises can come in handy for holding pieces of wood for nailing, sanding or other tasks.
12. Plans are needed for any project. These tell you the materials and tools needed, as well as the dimensions of all the pieces.
Other tools can be bought and used, but the ones above are enough to make simple projects. Many power tools from saws to nail guns can be invested in for woodworking. However, when just starting to do this hobby, it is best to go slow to make sure you like it enough to make the more expensive investment.